Transformation of soil from a strong kingdom to a liquid nation due to accelerated strain and differential settlement of footings is referred to as soil liquefaction.
The features to be taken into consideration on the stage of architectural planning and structural layout of buildings for protection towards earthquakes are:
a) Building configuration
c) Control on openings in partitions
d) Reinforced concrete bands in masonry residential buildings.
E) Vertical reinforcement.
Protection measures towards floods are:
I) Residing on river banks and slopes on river banks need to be prevented.
Ii) Buildings have to be built at 250 meters away from the sea coast/river banks.
Iii) To construct the right drainage system in all flood-prone areas.
Iv) To assemble the entire village or settlement on a raised platform higher than the high flood degree.
V) To assemble the building with a plinth level higher than the known excessive flood degree.
The measures adopted to control land degradation in one-of-a-kind regions of our users are:
I) Soil erosion in hilly areas can be checked by means of creation of terraces for farming.
Ii) Plugging of gullies by the construction of taking a look at dams.
Iii) A forestation can manipulate soil erosion on slopes.
Iv) In arid regions education of safe haven belts of flora manipulate overgrazing by using animals and developing thorny bushes to stabilize the sand dunes.
V) In semi-arid areas, moistures conservation, weed manipulate and right control of wasteland.
Vi) Control of mining sports are some of the techniques to scale back land degradation.
The number one goal of earthquake resistant layout is to prevent buildings from collapsing during earthquakes for this reason minimizing the chance of loss of life or damage to human beings in or around the one’s buildings. There are sure capabilities, which is considered at the degree of architectural planning and structural improve their performance for the duration of the earthquake.
The natural factors accountable for landslides are:
a) If slopes are steep.
B) If there is the excessive intensity of rainfall.
C) If slopes have stiffness.
D) Soil layers shaped under gravity.
E) Rock layers are fairly weathered.
F) Poor drainage.
The guy made factors liable for landslides are:
a) Soil erosion induced due to deforestation.
B) Mining and quarrying.
C) Excavation which is non-engineered.
D) Construction that is non-engineered.
E) Land use pattern